CPTED / Defensible Space

They're watching you ...

They’re watching you …

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crime_prevention_through_environmental_design
http://www.cptedsecurity.com/cpted_design_guidelines.htm
http://www.cpted.net/default.html

VOCAB:
Natural Surveillance
Natural Access Control
Territorial Reinforcement
Maintenance

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Competitions

A couple of websites listing architecture competitions:

Death by Architecture
Bustler
Archinect
ArchDaily
TheArchitectureRoom

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Licensure Comparative

Costs of Licensure in different fields

The rabble rabble of discontent with the current examination, internship and fee structure has instigated a call for change in the now long and convoluted path to licensure.

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Associate Director Report 11/5/13

AIAIC ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR REPORT:
November 5, 2013

1. Site Planning and Design Exam
‐ 3 exams scheduled before the end of the year
‐ Sessions will complete this month
2. Design competitions
‐ AIASFV IDP Competition [November 11th / $75 entry]
‐ EVOLO [November 19th / $95 entry]
3. Study Sessions for 2014
‐ Start with Programming Practice and Planning
‐ Begin Systems Exam
o Building Design and Construction System
o Building Systems
o Structural Systems

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Sustainable Design

LEED CREDIT CATEGORIES:
-Sustainable Sites
-Water Efficiency
-Energy and Atmosphere
-Material and Resources
-Indoor Environmental Quality
(-Innovation and Design)

VOCAB:
EMBODIED ENERGY
VOC
SICK BUILDING SYNDROME
LIFE CYCLE COST
CFC
ALBEDO
SRI
POTABLE WATER
GREY WATER
BLACK WATER
FLYASH
HEAT ISLAND EFFECT

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Codes, Standards, Acts, etc.

IBC

20130902-195301.jpg – Model Code for construction & design
– Other similar model codes UBC (seismic), BOCA (snow), SBC (wind)
– Occupancy Types
– Construction Types
– Means of Egress
NFPA
20130902-195633.jpg – Model Code to minimize possibility & effects of fire during operation
101: Life Safety Code
– Various standards
– Fire Classes
– Fire Extinguisher Classes
ASTM
20130902-195853.jpg – Develop standard specifications, testing methods, practice, guide, classification and terminology
– consumer confidence
– voluntary but can be enforced contractually
– develops and establishes principles which meets certain requirements,procedures and regulations
ANSI
20130902-211105.jpg – Oversees standard makers
– Standard for production, service, procedure, system & organization
– Ensure consistent character & performance through openness, balance, consensus, and due process
– accrediting programs that assess conformance to standards
ASCE
20130902-210716.jpg – Wind Speed
– Structural
– Civil
ADA
20130902-211906.jpg – Ramp
– Stair
– Elevator
– Path of Travel
– Restroom
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Associate Director Report 9/3/2013

AIAIC ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR REPORT

September 3, 2013

 

  1. ARE/NCARB Blackout has officially ended today
    1. Candidates are now able to log on to the NCARB website and schedule exams versus logging onto the Prometric website
    2. Electronic Score Reports (versus waiting for snail mail)
    3. Candidates can see/download exam records
    4. Rolling Clock info
  2. ARE Study material Check out system under development
  3. Study Sessions have been held for:
    1. Documentation
    2. Contract
    3. Delivery Methods
  4. Study Sessions now posted at http://tinyurl.com/aiastudy
  5. Future sessions on Codes & Regulations, Sustainable Design and Site Planning
  6. Freedom By Design
    1. Pending further info from Daniel Flores

 

Alvin Flores, Associate Director

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Delivery Methods

20130825-201805.jpg

AIA Delivery Method Brief

AREFORUM Government Project

Delivery Methods:

DBB – Design Bid Build
– Owner has a separate contract with Architect (designer/agent) and Contractor (builder)
– Traditional Bidding Method
– Promotes most competitive bidding climate
– Creates adversarial relationship between Architect & Contractor

CM – Construction Management
– At Risk:
— CM has prime contract with subcontractors
— Architect acts as agent to Owner during construction
— CM can provide assistance during design

– Agency:
— Owner has prime contract with subcontractors (multi-prime)
— CM & Architect act as agents to Owner, no single point of responsibility in design or construction

DB – Design Build
– Architect and Contractor single team or Architect as consultant to Contractor
– Single point of responsibility
– No checks and balance between Architect & Contractor

Vocab:
AGENT
BID BOND
PERFORMANCE BOND
LABOR & MATERIALS BOND
SURETY
SUBROGATION

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NCARB My Examination Page

20130829-063330.jpg

Looks like NCARB actually finished as promised and the blackout is over. No reason to not schedule your exams now. There is a fact sheet outlining how the blackout will affect your rolling clock and the exam taking procedure. And a cheat sheet on the new website layout. Otherwise logon, schedule, good luck and happy studying.

Official press release.

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Contracts (cont’d)

A201 General Conditions

1 GENERAL PROVISIONS
– Instruments of service: studies, models, sketches, drawings, specs, etc.
– Contractor and subs can reproduce instruments of service solely for project

2 OWNER
– Contractor can request evidence of owners financial ability to fulfill contract prior to start of project only
– Afterwards only if there is a failure of payment, change in contract sum, or written concern of contractor on owners ability
– Owner pays for approvals, easements, assessments, and charges
– Owner provides surveys describing physical characteristics, legal boundaries/description and utilities
– Owner to give one copy of the contract documents to contractor
– Owner may carry out work and deduct from payments if contractor fails to carry out work within 10 days of written notice

3 CONTRACTOR
– Contractor shall before starting work review contract docs and compare to existing conditions
– Contractor not required to verify contract docs are in accordance with applicable laws, statutes, ordinances, etc.
– Contractor solely responsible for construction means, methods, techniques, sequences, procedures and coordination of work
– Contractor may only make substitutions with consent of owner after evaluation by architect
– Contractor will pay for permits, fees, licenses and inspections
– Contractor shall notify owner and architect of concealed conditions that differ from contract docs within 21 days
– Contractor shall immediately stop work in area where archeological or wetland conditions are encountered
– Allowances shall cover materials, equipment delivered, taxes, unloading costs, installation, overhead, profit, and adjusted by change order
– Contractor to furnish to owner through the architect name and qualifications of proposed superintendent
– Owner or architect may object superintendent within 14 days
– Contractor to provide schedule of work and submittal schedule
– Contractor to maintain one set of contract docs and submittal docs at site marked with current field changes
– Shop drawings, product data, samples, etc. are NOT contract docs
– Contractor to review, approve, verify, field measure and coordinate submittals with contract docs
– Contractor shall not perform work that requires architect approval of shop drawings, product data, samples, etc.
– Contractor not relieved of responsibility for deviations from contract docs even with architect approval of shop drawings unless specifically stated
– Without notice architect approval does not apply to any revisions
– Contractor responsible for any necessary cutting, fitting and patching required to complete work
– If contractor fails to clean up owner may do so and be entitled reimbursement
– Contractor shall provide owner and architect to work in progress

4 ARCHITECT
– Architect shall visit site at appropriate intervals to be familiar with progress and quality
– Architect to keep owner reasonably informed of known deviations and defects but not responsible for errors or omissions
– Owner and contractor shall communicate through the architect
– Architect shall review applications for payment and issue certificates for payment
– Architects responsibility to check submittals for conformance with info given and design per contract docs
– Architect shall prepare change orders and construction change directives
– Architect will inspect project to determine date of substantial completion
– Architect will provide a project representative to assist in architects responsibilities on site
– Architect has final decision on matters of aesthetic effect expressed in contract docs

5 SUBCONTRACTORS
– Subs have direct contract with contractor
– Contractor shall issue a list of subs and owner or architect may object within 14 days
– If sub is rejected that is capable of doing work contract sum and time will be adjusted accordingly

6 CONSTRUCTION BY OWNER OR BY SEPARATE CONTRACTORS
– Owner can perform work with own forces or separate contractors
– Owner shall coordinate each separate contractor

7 CHANGES IN THE WORK
– Change orders are prepared by the architect and signed by owner, contractor and architect
– Construction change directive prepared by architect director change prior to agreement on cost and/or time change
– Contractor shall promptly proceed with construction change directive upon receipt and advise architect on method of sum/time adjustment
– If contractor does not respond on method of sum/time adjustment architect shall determine
– Architect has authority to order minor changes in work

8 TIME
– If delays caused by circumstances outside of contractors control time shall be extended by change order

9 PAYMENTS & COMPLETION
– Contractor shall submit to architect ten days before established progress payment an itemized application for payment per the schedule of values
– Architect will issue to owner a certificate for payment with a copy to the contractor within seven days
– Certificate for payment does that represent that the architect has made exhaustive inspection, reviewed means & methods, etc
– Architect may withhold in whole or portion as necessary to protect owner if: defective work, claims, failure to pay subs, work cannot be completed within sum/time or damages
– Owner shall make payments to contractor once architect issues certificate for payment
– Certificate for payment does not constitute acceptance of work
– Substantial completion is when work is sufficiently complete per the contract documents
– At substantial completion contractor shall issue a comprehensive list of items to be completed/corrected (punchlist) prior to final payment
– Architect will make an inspection to determine whether work is substantially complete
– Owner may occupy any partially completed portion if consented by insurer, public authorities and contractor
– Once contractor gives notice for final inspection the architect will inspect will issue final certificate for payment
– Neither final payment or retainage will be given until submits to architect an affidavit of payments, certificates of insurance, written statements, consent of surety, etc.
– Final payment shall constitute a waiver of claims

10 PROTECTION OF PERSONS & PROPERTY
– Contractor shall provide for safety and protection on site
– Contractor shall designate a member (usually the superintendent) whose duty shall be the prevention of accidents
– In an emergency at contractor’s discretion shall act to prevent damage, injury or loss

11 INSURANCE & BONDS
– Contractor shall purchase and maintain insurance to protect contractor from claims
– Certificates of insurance shall be filed with owner prior to start of work
– Owner shall purchase and maintain liability insurance
– Owner shall purchase and maintain builder’s risk “all-risk” in the amount of contract sum plus subsequent modifications
– Property insurance shall cover stored materials off site and in transit
– Partial occupancy or use shall anot commence until insurance company have consented in writing
– The owner and contractor shall waive rights against each other, subs and architects for damages caused by or other causes covered by property insurance
– Owner can require performance bond and payment bond covering the project and payment obligations

12 UNCOVERING & CORRECTION OF WORK
– One-year period for correction of work performed between substantial and final completion
– Owner can accept nonconforming work and reduce contract sum accordingly

13 MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
– Any additional testing, inspection or approvals beyond contract documents shall be at owner’s expense
– If additional testing, inspections or approvals reveals failure to comply with contract documents contractor shall pay
– Unpaid payments shall bear interest
– Claims must be made within time period specified by law but in any case not more than 10 years after substantial completion

14 TERMINATION OF SUSPENSION OF THE CONTRACT
– Contractor shall terminate contract if work si stopped for 30 consecutive days through no fault of contractor
– Owner may terminate contract if contractor fails to supply properly skilled labor, fails to pay subs, disregards laws or in breach of contract documents
– Owner upon certification by the initial decision maker and after having given contractor’s surety seven days notice can terminate contract
– Unpaid balance exceeds costs of finishing project shall be paid by contractor
– Owner may without cause order contractor in writing to suspend, delay or interrupt work in whole or part
– Owner may terminate contract for owner’s convenience

15 CLAIMS & DISPUTES
– Architect will serve as the initial decision maker, unless noted otherwise, and claims shall be referred to initial decision maker
– Initial decision maker shall review claims within ten days of receipt and take the following actions: request additional data, reject, approve, compromise or advise
– Claims shall be resolved by mediation administered by the American Arbitration Association in accordance with its Construction Industry Mediation Procedures
– Parties shall share mediator’s fees
– If parties select arbitration it shall be administered by the American Arbitration Association in accordance with is Construction Industry Arbitration Rules

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